Infertility is a common disorder that affects both men and women. One in every 8 couples have trouble conceiving children. After 1 year of unprotected intercourse 80% to 85% of healthy couples will successfully achieve a pregnancy. For this reason we recommend patients younger than 35 years of age to see a fertility specialist if a pregnancy has not been achieved after 1 year. We recommend that patients older than 35 years of age seek assistance from a fertility specialist after 6 months.
Although most causes of infertility are from female factors, studies have shown that about 40% of infertility cases have a male factor. At the moment of the first menses, women have between 300,000 and 400,000 oocytes (eggs), once she turns 30 years of age this number decreases to 39,000 to 52,000 and when she is 40 years of age the number decreases further to 1,200 and 9,000. This is one of the reasons why there is a strong relationship between age and fertility.
In IVFPANAMA we recommend to patients older than 27 years of age to be proactive and try and take control of their reproductive future and see a fertility specialist even if they are not trying to get pregnant. After a hormone panel and an ultrasound we can assess their reproductive potential and recommend techniques such as oocyte vitrification (egg freezing) in women that may be at risk of infertility in the future or that are found to have a low ovarian reserve.